Publicly available code allows hackers to disable Wi-Fi in a range of products.
by Dan Goodin – Oct 26 2012, 1:50pm EDT
The iPhone 4 and a slew of older devices from Apple, Samsung, HTC, and other manufacturers are vulnerable to attacks that can make it impossible to send or receive data over Wi-Fi networks, a security researcher said.
Proof-of-concept code published online makes it trivial for a moderately skilled hacker to disable older iPhones, HTC Droid Incredible 2s, Motorola Droid X2s, and at least two-dozen other devices, including Edge model cars manufactured by Ford. The Denial-of-Service vulnerability stems from an input-validation error in the firmware of two wireless chips sold by Broadcom: the BCM4325 and theBCM4329. The US Computer Emergency Readiness Team has also issued an advisory warning of the vulnerability.
“The only requirement to exploit the vulnerability is to have a wireless card that supports [the] raw inject of 802.11 frames,” Andrés Blanco one of the researchers from Core Security who discovered the vulnerability, told Ars. “The Backtrack Linux distribution has almost everything you need to execute the POC provided in the advisory.”
The Core Security advisory said that Broadcom has released a firmware update that patches the “out-of-bounds read error condition” in the chips’ firmware. Device manufacturers are making it available to end users on a case-by-case basis since many of the affected products are older and already out of service.
Blanco said the exploit makes it impossible for an affected device to send or receive data over Wi-Fi for as long as the DoS attack lasts. Once the malicious packets subside, the device will work normally. Other device functions are unaffected by the Wi-Fi service interruption. He said it’s possible the bug could be exploited to do more serious things.
“We are not sure that we could retrieve private user data but we are going to look into this,” he said.
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How often do you read about what men really deal with emotionally and mentally after a divorce? I would dare say not often at all. We rarely hear about the not-so-obvious mistakes that many men — including myself — have made and are making right now. Here are the top three most common mistakes that men make after their marriages have ended:
#1 – Rush back to the altar too soon
Fortunately, I did not make this mistake; I do, however, know many men that have. Men are creatures of habit. If you are in the habit of having a woman cook, clean, or do any of a number of other tasks for you, then it is very difficult to break that pattern. It may sound old fashioned, but many men like having the “lady” around for these reasons, as well as for the company. Unfortunately, this enjoyment sometimes clouds their judgment. Many men are so desperate to have company after a divorce that they marry the first thing in a skirt. They never get to know who this person really is or whether or not they are truly compatible. Before saying “I do” for the second time, take time to become aware of who you really are and learn what matters most to you. When you rediscover yourself, you will be able to easily see if the new person in your life is compatible. I personally recommend that you take two years before even thinking about getting back into the dating scene. During the first year, evaluate what went wrong and start rebuilding your life. During the second year, take time to discover who you are without a wife. For example, go to self-improvement seminars, read self-help books and find a support group or coach. You may be surprised as to what you learn about yourself when you have no one but you to answer to. As Eckhart Tolle says, “Intimate relationships do not cause pain and unhappiness. They bring out the pain and unhappiness that is already in you.” This can, however, lead us to mistake #2.
#2 – Become the town playboy now that you are single
I must admit that I had a bit of “playboyitis” after my divorce. It felt good to come and go as I pleased, but it gets old pretty fast. I had been out of the dating world for seven years. What was amazing to me was that a lot of the same games that people were playing when I was in college and high school were still being played by people in their 30’s! I was blown away. When I was doing research for my divorce recovery book, I discovered that the herpes virus is most common among persons that are divorced, separated or widowed. What I realized was that people still had extremely casual feelings about sex. In addition to the dangers of sex, there was also the risk of unplanned pregnancies. I know of divorced men that had children with women they didn’t love simply because they used sex as a band-aid to medicate their pain or loneliness. Think about what this may mean for that child. A good question to ask your self is, “Who do I have a chance to become now that I am single again?” Please let it be more than the town playboy. Find one woman that you can settle down with, but please don’t make mistake #3!
#3 – Introduce your children to the new woman in your life way too soon.
I am definitely guilty of this one. I wanted the feeling of my family unit back so badly that I took my kids through a lot of unnecessary heartache. Men, you have to remember that your children have gone through a lot emotionally with the tearing apart of their family. The last thing they need is to see dad with a new woman so soon after the divorce. Children love their parents, and deep down they desire to have them back together. Give them time to adjust before bringing someone new into their lives. If the woman you are dating is really the one for you, then she will understand your decision not to rush into meeting your children. If she does not understand, then you may need to reevaluate your relationship. Does she want what is best for everyone involved? Do what is best for your children.
I hope that these three mistakes have made you stop and think. The key is to remember that you control your actions and decisions. Take this time for self evaluation in order to make the best decisions for you and your children. The last thing you want to do is be the victim of any of these three mistakes!
For continued support for men after divorce, go to www.SingleAgain-ForMen.com.
Carlos Phillips, founder of Healed Without Scars Ministries and Joanie Winberg, founder of the National Association of Divorce for Women and Children have joined forces to support men during and after divorce.
By JOE HARRIS
CLAYTON, Mo. (CN) – In two class actions on the frontier of Internet law, people claim that Intelius and Digimedia dba Peoplefinder work as private investigators in Missouri without state certification.
Intelius, based in Bellevue, Wash., offers its services through its website intelious.com.
Named plaintiff Michael Brown claims Intelius says its investigations can get information about crimes threatened or committed against the United States; the identity, credibility, habits, business, integrity, credibility, trustworthiness, loyalty, movements, affiliations, and reputation of certain individuals; and information on a person’s address, phone number history, social media history, criminal record, family and financial history.
Brown says Intelius is working as a private investigator without a license.
In the second class action, filed by the same law firm, lead plaintiff Thuy Nguyen makes the same accusation against Digimedia.com dba Peoplefinder.com
“At no pertinent time has defendant ever held a license [to] engage in private investigator business in the State of Missouri, nor has it ever held a license to engage in business in the State of Missouri as a private investigator agency,” Brown says in his complaint in St. Louis County Court. “Moreover, defendant has never applied for any such licenses.
“At no pertinent time have any of defendant’s employees ever been licensed pursuant to RMSo § 324.1104 to engage in private investigator business in the state of Missouri.
“At all pertinent times, defendant’s failure to hold the license(s) … was information that a reasonable consumer would consider important in deciding whether to hire defendant for the purpose of having the defendant or its employees engage in private investigator business.”
The class consists of all Missourians who have bought private investigations from Feb. 1, 2010 to final judgment. The law requiring such a license was passed in 2007, but Brown’s attorney, Michael Kruse, said the state finally got the mechanisms to enforce the law on Feb. 1, 2010.
“We were concerned with the value customers are getting in light of the licensing statue,” Kruse told Courthouse News.
“They have a right to comply with the law. There is a reason why the state of Missouri felt it needed such controls and companies can’t be above the law through their business model using the Internet.”
The classes seek an injunction, rescission of contracts, restitution and actual and punitive damages for breach of contract, negligent misrepresentation by omission, and violations of the Missouri Merchandising Practices Act.
Kruse practices for the law firm Onder, Shelton, O’Leary & Peterson in St. Louis.
Kruse filed the nearly identical class action against Digimedia.com dba Peoplefinder.com.
Kruse said he does not expect his firm to file any more class actions against private investigation companies.
“We were looking at several different companies and those two were the most major violators,” Kruse said.
By Linda C. Senn
When it becomes clear that your marriage is over, and no amount of pretense or counseling can fix what is broken, you’ll need to line up an attorney to represent you in the divorce process. At this extremely vulnerable time, you’ll be placing your life and your future in your attorney’s hands, and you’ll add one more worry to your ample list of stresses — the high cost of divorce!
Attorneys usually charge an hourly rate calculated in 15-minute increments — even if the service takes only a minute or two of his time. That “quick little call” you make to your lawyer could cost you from $50 up. If you succumb to the temptation to call every day, your monthly charge just for phone calls can run well over $1,000. If the process drags on for a year, you’ll pay $12,000 and up just for those brief daily calls!
Here are ten simple steps for saving big bucks over the course of separation and divorce; some of the tips are general and can be applied to other legal situations as well.
Saving money on legal fees starts before you have your first attorney interview. Round up all the personal referrals you can from friends, family, colleagues, and neighbors who were happy with their own divorce lawyers. Ask if the client’s calls were returned in a timely manner, or if sustained nagging was required to get a call-back. The bill should run far less for a focused, efficient attorney than it would for a disorganized one. Did that attorney stall or delay the process? Did she favor lengthy debates between opposing attorneys? Was her billing accurate, detailed, and free from “fluff?” These factors can have a major effect on the final cost.
During your initial telephone interview with the attorney, ask what he charges and how it’s calculated. Is it a flat hourly fee charged in 15-minute increments, or is it figured by some other method? Ask if he requires an initial retainer, and if so, how much for your situation. Complex divorces often call for a more substantial amount. Tell him that you want to keep the costs to a reasonable minimum and ask if he’ll help you to do so.
Don’t discuss the weather, the baseball playoffs, or your mother’s petunias: chit chat is expensive. Even though she’s holding your future in her hands, and there’s a natural inclination to talk to your attorney as a friend, socializing can become expensive. Allow a brief time to reconnect either in person or over the phone, then get on with business. By the same token, if you have a gabby attorney, learn how to gently but firmly bring her back to the business at hand.
Although you may find a genuinely sympathetic attorney, don’t use him as a counselor. Go to a licensed therapist. An experienced mental health professional will be more effective, will cost less per hour, and will help you deal with the emotional peaks and pits that continually throw you off balance. In addition to that, you’ll have developed a relationship with a therapist who can guide you through the rocky recovery period after the divorce is granted.
Don’t ask for special paperwork. Whenever possible, run your own copies, take notes when you talk to your attorney on the phone (so you don’t have to call him later to double-check on the conversation), and look up any phone numbers and addresses he may need in working up your case.
Don’t complain about your soon-to-be-ex unless it directly applies to the current procedure. This is so very tempting during divorce (and subsequent custody and/or maintenance hearings)! You feel compelled to point out how moronic and venal your soon-to-be-ex is, and by implication, how much better a human being you are. Resist the urge. It’s both pointless and expensive.
If you invite your attorney to lunch (or vice-versa), find out first if it will be “on the clock.” There may be times when a luncheon meeting is most convenient for both of you — just be sure you know the ground rules going in. If you’ll be discussing business, have a pen and paper with you so the lunchtime information doesn’t disappear with the last cup of coffee. Be especially vigilant about idle chatter if you’re paying attorney’s fees for the privilege.
Ask for specific ways you can save on lawyer hours, such as doing your own research, filling out forms, or mailing notices. You just might be able to shave a few hundred dollars off the final tab by doing some of the routine clerical work yourself. In a long, drawn-out divorce, ask the lawyer periodically if there are any other aspects you can take care of yourself to save money.
Consider hiring a skilled mediator to help you and your spouse arrive at mutually agreeable solutions to your financial and custody disagreements. Mediators are specifically trained to help you resolve your problems together, and the cost will probably be less that you’d pay for the opposing attorneys to argue with each other. (You’ll still need to retain your own lawyer to check any agreement before you sign it, however.) Mediators also allow you to employ cooperation and compromise in arriving at a settlement agreement, which leaves far less emotional scarring than the adversarial attorney-to-attorney method.
Do your own Discovery. Discovery is basically pretrial disclosure of pertinent facts and documents, including financial figures, by one or both parties in a divorce or other legal process. It can involve a fair amount of sleuthing time, so you’ll be money ahead if you ferret out the hard-to-find information (like hidden assets), rather than relying on your attorney to do it all.
One last word about maintaining control of your legal expenses: request itemized monthly bills from your attorney. Knowing just how your legal dollars are being spent can be the most effective aid in helping you keep them to a reasonable minimum!
Linda C. Senn is author of Your Pocket Divorce Guide and co-author with Mary Stuart, M.A. of The Divorce Recovery Journal.
With changing legislation, licensing, laws and crazy stories there’s a lot for investigators to keep up with. Many investigators use blogs to share their experiences, provide updates and reviews on products and to discuss experiences with databases. A blog is also a great way to market your business, connect with potential clients and become a leader in your industry. There’s a wide array of investigations blogs out there, and since maintaining a blog is no easy feat PInow decided to compile a list of the top investigation blogs.
There was no specific, formulaic ranking used when creating the list, but we did take into account industry relevancy, consistency and recency of posts, variety of content and professionalism. Please keep this in mind if you disagree with the rankings.
There’s a pretty big variety on the list this year. Some range from strictly informational to play-by-play recaps of investigations and interviews. Others focus on paranormal investigations while some discuss products and recent legal developments. If you have an investigation blog that’s not featured, please contact us to be considered for our “Up and Coming” list.
Maybe they just didn’t hear you. Or maybe they heard you just fine and have decided that you’re an idiot, not even worth responding to.
Maybe they got your message but are simply too busy to respond. Maybe they’re just quietly thinking it over and still haven’t decided. Maybe they’re so apologetic that they don’t know what to say. Maybe they’re just having fun leaving you dangling.
Whatever it is, it has been longer than you expected. The silence is deafening. What does it mean?
Maybe you should resend your message. After all, if they didn’t hear you, they’ll be glad you resent it. But if they’re just busy or quietly thinking it over, then your pestering them could turn them against you. And if they think you’re an idiot, maybe it’s better to let sleeping dogs lie.
Or maybe, if they’ve decided you’re an idiot you should defend yourself. If they’re going to be that disrespectful, let them know what you really think.
But again, what if they never got the message in the first place, or they’re busy or just thinking it over, or are just feeling bad. If that’s the situation, then giving them a piece of your mind will prove that you’re an idiot. Lincoln said, “Better to remain silent and be thought a fool than to speak out and remove all doubt.” That probably applies to responding to silence too.
Better to just wait. They’re probably just busy, right? Be patient… Wait… Maybe forever. Wait for people who probably think you’re such an idiot that they don’t need to respond.
Or just ask them, maybe. Ask them what’s up. They won’t mind. Unless they think you’re a pest. A needy pest over-anxious and supplicating:“Did you get my message? What did you think? I desperately need to know what you think.”
This is infuriating. Even if they are busy, it’s clear they don’t respect you.
What’s worse, their silence is like a shell game. Whatever you do, you’ll reveal what you think their silence means and then, switcheroo, they can just change their explanation. You can say “You’re not speaking to me because you think I’m an idiot, right?” and even if that’s exactly why, they can always say, “My aren’t you paranoid. Actually, we’ve just been really busy.” Or you can say “You’ve been too busy to respond, right?” and even if that’s their story they can switch it, saying “My aren’t you paranoid. Actually we were thinking about it.”
Their shell game is as bad as “I’m thinking of a number between one and ten.” Whatever you guess, they can claim they were thinking of a different number.
What’s worse still, no matter how crazy their silence drives you, they’re unassailable. They can always say “What? We didn’t do or say anything!” Silence pleads innocence whether it’s innocent or not.
Bob Monkhouse says “Silence is not only golden; it is seldom misquoted.”That’s cute but it’s absolutely wrong. There’s probably no communication more misquoted than silence. It’s very hard to know what it says.
Silence is a window into a fundamental misunderstanding in semiotics, the study of signs. In general and even in academic research, we assume that a sign is a thing. We say, “A green light means go,” as though the meaning was in the light itself.
But if signs are things, are all things signs? How do we know which things are signs and which things aren’t? And what about silence? It’s not a thing. How can the absence of a thing be a sign? And yet it is. The absence of a tax form on April 15 is a sign to the IRS. The absence of the supper you were expecting can be a very big sign served up to you by your soon-to-be ex-partner.
We live in an era that people will look back upon as misguidedly thingish. We’re sailing on the successes of a 350-year campaign to explain all behavior from physics to meaning by identifying the component parts andthings that produce the behavior. We’re having trouble explaining signs that way, but our thingish scientific culture says we’ll get there. We will figure out, for example, how neuron things produce consciousness.
There are anti-thing factions in our culture too, but they too buy into our culture’s thingish-ness. They believe in non-thing thingies like Gods and souls, things that are not at all physical and yet move physical things. Even if their non-thing thingies did exist, we can’t get a handle on them. We could lazily posit one to cover anything we don’t understand. Why is silence so powerful? Because silence is produced by an invisible, undetectable but powerful non-thing thingie.
Our culture became so heavily thingish during the enlightenment, a scientific campaign in which scientist abandoned mystical explanations and ventured instead to explain all behavior in terms of physical causality:Thing-X bumps Thing-Y and moves it.
And wow, has the campaign been powerful. This focus on physical causality has given us all of our science and technology breakthroughs. It has made the modern world. No wonder we trust that X-bumps-Y will eventually explain everything.
But it won’t. A sign isn’t Thing X bumps Thing Y. A green light doesn’t hit you and make you go.
Rather signs are a different kind of causality. They’re X-for-Y-is-about-Z. The green light for you is about traffic.
A sign is not a thing; it’s an evolved or learned relationship. Signs change, which is good news about there being room for still more evolving, learning, innovation, discoveries, progress, improvement, learning and open potential, as opposed to their being no room in a deterministic, mechanistic clockwork universe in which the future is already a totally dead and done deal.
Green lights aren’t signs, things that always mean “go” to everyone. They’re what a semiotician calls a “sign vehicle” a difference or change in something (red to green) that, for us has come to represent traffic. One semiotician, Gregory Bateson describes a sign relationship as “A difference that makes a difference,” the way a difference from red to green makes a difference for you about the difference between stopping and going.
We evolve or learn such relationships when our expectations are not met, when we’re surprised. A bell becomes a sign vehicle for Pavlov’s dog about food, because-news to the dog-it’s rung as supper is served. Learning the bell’s relationship to food sets up new expectations and new potential for surprises and learned responses. Surprise: The bell rings and for the first time no supper is served.
The IRS has learned to expect a tax return on April 15th, and, surprise, it doesn’t get one from you. The IRS has evolved a response to your silent treatment. It’s called an audit.
Any difference can become a sign vehicle for us about something. Silence–not a thing but a difference, a divergence from expectation–can become a difference that makes a difference. You expected to hear back from those folks by now. You’re surprised and are trying to figure out what that difference from expectations means for you.
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